About jumping

The ability of the horse to jump over obstacles was first studied in the 18th century, when fox hunting required from riders to jump over fences, which separated the land. This discipline, which is very popular nowadays, developed as a result of measures during thefox hunting.


Show jumping, probably the most famous discipline in equestrian sport, which is acknowledged by the FEI, where men and women compete on equal terms in the individual and team classifications. In modern equestrian events rider and the horse should pass a route from 10 to 13 obstacles, the purpose of which is to verify the skill and precision of execution and the general level of preparation of the pair.

The main goal of jumping is to pass the assigned route without errors — a whole round. If any part of fence dropped, or if the horse refuses to jump, penalty points are prescribed. The winners of the competition are a horse and a rider, which in couple earned the least number of points, and passed a route with the best time or received the highest number of points, depending on the type of competition.


In most of the show jumping competitions are two kinds of tabular accounts: Table A and Table C. Most often used a Table C. For each mistake will earn a determined amount of penalties. For each fence destruction counted 4 penalty points, as well as in case (when a horse before jumping suddenly stops in front of the barrier, or passes him). Fall or the second rejection, make impossible the further participation of the horse and rider in the competition.

Determination of the results is carried out taking into account the received penalties. Very often several riders successfully pass a round. In this case there are two possibilities: if the competition does not include elements of jumps, the victory receives a horseman, who passed the route in the shortest time. If the competition included elements of jumps, the riders who are entitled to the first place, must pass a round on time. The winner is the one who has received the least number of points during the passage of the route reduced, and, in the event of equality of points that will be decisive, the time factor.

Competitions are judged under the system Table C also called speed, as a result is determined with the help of time. All received penalty points are converted in seconds and attached to the time for which was passed round. In accordance with the Table A there is a system of permit issuing time: riders who do not have time to go round in time, carry a sentence of a fine for every 4 seconds exceeded time. But whatever table was not determined the outcome of the competition, there is always clearly set the time period for which a horseman must go round, and therefore the excess of the time limit entails disposals of competitions.

Main competition

  • Olympic Games
  • World Equestrian Games
  • Rolex: World Cup Show Jumping
  • FEI Nations Cup
  • Continental Championships